Careers in Earth and Environmental Science

*Careers in Earth and Environmental Science

What is Earth and Environmental Science?

Earth and Environmental Science is a discipline in the life sciences research environmental and health problems to determine their causes and come up with solutions. They investigate issues like mysterious deformations in frogs, unexplained cancer occurrences in a neighborhood, or disease in the former asbestos mining towns.

Environmental scientists conduct research to identify the causes of these types of problems, and how to minimize or eliminate them. They also conduct theoretical research that increases our understanding of how the natural world works. They use what they learn to make recommendations and develop strategies for managing environmental problems.

Environmental science is a holistic and multidisciplinary field that integrates the biological, physical, and earth sciences. Its goal is to understand how earth works and how it supports life. It also aims to identify, control, and prevent disruption to its systems and species caused by human activity.

Where would an Environmental Scientist Work?

Most environmental scientists work for federal, state, or local governments, where they conduct research, advise on policy, and verify that businesses are following regulations. As of 2012, most environmental scientists (22%) worked in state government. Another 21% worked for companies providing management, scientific, and technical consulting services. These professionals usually help companies comply with regulations. 14% worked for local government agencies. 10% provided engineering services, and 7% worked for the federal government.

Environmental scientists work in offices and laboratories. While some may gather data and monitor conditions in the field, this is more likely to be done by technicians. Those who do work in the field may find it demanding, and work in all kinds of weather. Travel to client sites or conferences may be required. Most environmental scientists work full time. They may work long or irregular hours in the field.

How much can an Environmental Scientist expect to earn?

The average annual salary for environmental scientists was $63,570 in May 2012. Those working for the federal government earned the highest salaries ($95,460). Those working in engineering services earned $67,770. Environmental scientists providing management, scientific, and technical consulting services made $64,940. Those working for local government made $60,280, while those employed in state government made $56,640.

What Is the Job Demand for Environmental Scientists?

The job outlook for environmental scientists is excellent. Employment is projected to grow 15% from 2012 to 2022, which is faster than the average for all occupations. Issues like climate change and fracking have spurred more public interest in the environment. The country's aging infrastructure will also have to be replaced. These issues will likely fuel job growth.

Many of the new jobs will be in private consulting firms that help clients manage environmental concerns and comply with regulations. However, most of the jobs will still be in government and academia.

What job could I get with a degree in Earth and Environmental Science?

A degree in Earth and Environmental Science trains you in these highly desirable skill sets and sets you on a path to become an expert in an issue area of your interest.

  • Geologist                      
  • Science Teacher                                                                                                
  • Agronomist      
  • Forensic Science Technician
    • Ecologist
    • Marine
    • Artic
    • Tropic
    • Terrestrial
    • Freshwater
  • Museum Curator                                                                                               
  • Paleontologist                                                                                                               
  • Anthropologist                                                                                                  
  • Archaeologist
  • Human Culture, Language
    • Archaeological/Paleontological sites
  • Food Science Technician
  • Agricultural Scientist
  • Chemists
  • Biological & Chemical Technicians
  • Atmospheric Scientists
  • Environmental Protection
  • Environmental Attorney
  • Environmental Economists
  • Conservation Scientist
  • Forest and Conservation Technicians
  • GEO scientists
    • Volcanolostis
    • Geochemist
    • Radiological Scientist
  • Geographers/ GIS specialists
  • Urban Planning
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • Wildlife Biologist
  • Zoologist



CERCOM By the Numbers



on the Great South Bay


Cooperative partners and advisory

council member groups


Monitoring Sites from the Tip of Montauk to the Tip of Brooklyn


Species of crustacean named

after CERCOM's director

Contact Us

Have questions about anything here? Feel free to drop us a quick note!

Of course, feel free to Contact Us.

Dr. John Tanacredi
1000 Hempstead Ave. Rockville Centre, NY 11571-5002